Class 10th Geography

Airways and Communication :Life Line Of National Economy .NCERT Notes in Geography


  • The world’s first air-mail service was started in India at Allahabad; on 18th Feb 1911 on  the occasion of Kumbh mela
  • Regular airmail services were started by Tata Sons Ltd, between Karachi and Madrasand.
  • On 24th Jan 1920 Royal air force started regular airmail services
  • Urmila K.Parikh became the first Indian woman to get a pilot’s license.
  • in  1945 the Deccan Airways was founded – jointly owned by the Nizam of Hyderabad and Tata.Its first flight began in July 1946.
  • All the airway companies were nationalized in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India.
  • Air India provides international air services.
  • Pawanhans Helicopters Ltd. provides helicopter services to Oil and Natural Gas Corporation in its offshore operations, to inaccessible areas and difficult terrains like the north-eastern states and the interior parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand

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Kalinga Airlines and Biju Pattanaik 

  • Kalinga Airlines was a private airline based in Calcutta, India.
  • It was founded in 1947 by aviator and politician Biju Patnaik, who was also the airline’s chief pilot.
  • The airline was nationalized and merged into Indian Airlines in 1953.
  • It restarted operations as a non-scheduled charter operator in 1957 and flew passengers and cargo until 1972.



  • Communication is the act of transferring information from one place, person or group to another.
  • The Indian postal network is one of the largest network in the world.
  • It handles parcels ,personal written communications.
  • Cards and envelopes are considered first–class mail and are airlifted between stations covering both land and air.
  • The second–class mail includes book packets, registered newspapers and periodicals. They are carried by surface mail, covering land and water transport.

  • James Augustus Hickey is considered as the “father of Indian press”
  • He was the founder of the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the `Bengal Gazette` or the `Calcutta General Advertise` in January 1780.

Mass Communication 

  • Mass communication provides entertainment and creates awareness among people about various national programmes and policies.
  • It includes radio, television, newspapers, magazines, books and films.
  •  All India Radio (Akashwani) broadcasts a variety of programmes in national, regional and local languages for various categories of people.
  • Doordarshan, the national television channel of India, is one of the largest terrestrial networks in the world.

  • India is the largest producer of feature films in the world It produces short films; video feature films and video short films.
  • The Central Board of Film Certification is the authority to certify both Indian and foreign films
Data Courtesy- Business Standard

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