- In mountainous areas, the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude leads to the corresponding change in natural vegetation.
- As such, there is a succession of natural vegetation belts in the same order as we see from the tropical to the tundra region
Wet Temperate Type of Forest
- Found between a height of 1000 and 2000 metres.
- Evergreen broad-leaf trees such as oaks and chestnuts predominate.
Temperate Forests Containing Coniferous Trees
- Found between 1500 and 3000 metres
3. Silver fir
These Forests Cover:
1. Southern slopes of Himalaya
2. Places having high altitude in Southern & North – East India
• Height: At high altitudes, more than 3600m above Mean Sea Level.
• Temperate grasslands & forests give way to alpine vegetation.
1. Silver fir
• Trees get Stunted progressively as they approach snow line.
• Ultimately, through Shrubs & Scrubs, they merge into Alpine Grasslands
• At higher altitudes, Mosses & Lichens form part of tundra.
1. Kashmir Stag (Hangul)→ State animal of Jammu & Kashmir(Critically endangered)
2. Spotted Dear (Chital)→ Jinke in Kannada
3. Wild Sheep
4. Jack Rabbit
5. Tibetan Antelope (Chiru) – Ladakh, India
• Mangrove tidal forests are found in the areas of coasts influenced by tides.
• Mud & Silt get accumulated on such coasts.
• Roots: submerged under water.
- The deltas of the Ganga, the Mahanadi, the Krishana, the Godavari and the Kaveri are covered by such vegetation.
- In the Ganga- Brahamaputra delta, sundari trees are found, which provide durable
- Palm, coconut, keora, agar, also grow in some parts of the delta.
- Royal Bengal Tiger is the famous animal in these forests.
- Turtles, crocodiles, gharials and snakes are also found in these forests