The word ‘sovereign’ implies that India is neither a dependency nor a dominion of any other nation, but an independent state
- Even before the term was added by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, the Constitution had a socialist content in the form of certain Directive Principles of State Policy.
- Democratic socialism, on the other hand, holds faith in a ‘mixed economy’ where both public and private sectors co-exist side by side.
- The term ‘secular’ too was added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976.
- all religions in our country (irrespective of their strength) have the same status and support from the state
A democratic polity, as stipulated in the Preamble, is based on the doctrine of popular sovereignty, that is, possession of supreme power by the people
- in our Preamble indicates that India has an elected head called the president.
- He is elected indirectly for a fixed period of five years.
- The term ‘justice’ in the Preamble embraces three distinct forms—social, economic and political, secured through various provisions of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.
- The term ‘liberty’ means the absence of restraints on the activities of individuals, and at the same time, providing opportunities for the development of individual personalities
- The term ‘equality’ means the absence of special privileges to any section of the society, and the provision of adequate opportunities for all individuals without any discrimination.
- The Preamble secures to all citizens of India equality of status and opportunity. This provision embraces three dimensions of equality—civic, political and economic.
- Fraternity means a sense of brotherhood.
- The Constitution promotes this feeling of fraternity by the system of single citizenship.