An adjective which describes is called a descriptive adjective .
- Most adjectives are descriptive.
- Eg: round, cold, red, angry, graceful, excessive, young, sudden, Roman.
- Eg: A young woman.
An adjective which points out or designates is called a definitive adjective .
- Definitive adjectives include pronouns used as adjectives (as, this opportunity, those pictures, either table and what time is it?).
- Numeral adjectives (as, two stars, the third year) and the articles…a (or an) and the.
- Eg: There were two men.
Many descriptive adjectives are compound adjectives such as,—steadfast, lionlike, fireproof, downright, heartsick, everlasting, brown-eyed, broad-shouldered, ill-tempered, dear-bought, far-fetched, never-ending, self-evident, self-important.
Eg: She is a blue-eyed beauty.
A proper noun used as an adjective or an adjective derived from a proper noun is called a proper adjective.
- Usually begins with a capital letter.
- Many so-called proper adjectives begin with a small letter because their origin is forgotten or disregarded such as…..china dishes, italic type, mesmeric power, a jovial air, a saturnine expression, a mercurial temperament, a stentorian voice.
- Examples : a Panama hat, Florida oranges, a Bunsen burner; Virginian, Spenserian, Newtonian, Icelandic, Miltonic, Byronic, Turkish, English, Veronese.
Adjectives may be classified, according to their position in the sentence as attributive adjectives, appositive adjectives and predicate adjectives .
- An attributive adjective is closely attached to its noun and regularly precedes it.
Eg: Pam has long and slender legs.
- An appositive adjective is added to its noun to explain it, like a noun in apposition.
Noun in Apposition : The castle, a ruin, stood on the edge of the cliff.
Appositive Adjective : The castle, ancient and ruinous, stood on the edge of the cliff.