Kinds of Sentences

Topic Progress:

As said earlier, there are different kinds of sentences. For example:

  • My name is Anisha.
  • Are you going to the movies?
  • Come here right now!

All three of the above mentioned examples are sentences in different forms. They relay meanings perfectly through organised positions of words and correct usage of subjects, verbs and objects.

But there are some kinds of sentences that should be given more importance. They are:

Negative Sentences

  • A type of sentence stating something that is false.
  • They are created by adding the word “not” to helping verbs in a sentence like the different forms of “be”, such as “has”, “is” etc.

Here are a few examples:

Ammu is not happy.

In this case, the word “not” is proving a false statement that is “Ammu is happy”. The word “not” being added after the helping verb “is“, says that the statement without it being added to it is false.

They are not coming today.

In this instance, “not” added after the helping verb “are“, proves that the sentence without it is wrong. That the they mentioned in the sentence are not coming today.

Interrogative Sentences

  • A sentence that asks a question and ends in a question mark.
  • Usually begins with words like can, do, how, should, what, why, where, who etc.

Here are a few examples:

What is the time?

The sentence starts with the word “What” and ends with a question mark. It is asking about the time. Hence this is a question- and interrogative sentence.

Who are you?

Again, the sentence starts with the word “Who” and ends with a question mark and asks a question about who someone is. Hence, it is an interrogative sentence.

Question Tags

  • An extra addition of a comma and a very few words at the end of a normal sentence. The few words are ended in a question mark.
  • Used to make sure that a statement is true.
  • The addition changes normal sentence into a question.
  • Normally the negative form of the helping verb already existing in the normal sentence along with the pronoun of the subject is used with a question mark to form these sentences.

For example:

Riya is from Shimla, isn’t she?

Here Riya is the subject and “is” is the helping verb. The question tag is “isn’t she” which enquires, whether the statement that Riya is from Shimla is true or not. The word “not” is added to the helping verb for this effect. And the pronoun form “she” is also used.

Riya is not from Shimla, is she?

Here again Riya is the subject and “is” is the helping verb. The question tag is “is she” which enquires, whether the statement that Riya is not from Shimla is true or not. The word “not” is deleted from the helping verb for this negative effect. And the pronoun form “she” is also used.

Thus question tags are used to find out the actuality of a positive or a negative sentence.