Subject and Object pronouns

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Subject Pronouns

 

A subject pronoun, also called personal pronoun, is used as substitute for proper and common nouns.

Eg: Renu is an artist- She is an artist.

 The lamp has been switched off- It has been switched off.

       

A subject pronoun is used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.

Eg: _______ sat on the chair.

I, you, he, she, it etc. fit into the blank and therefore are subject pronouns.

A subject pronoun indicates:

  • number: singular or plural,
  • gender: male or female,
  • person: first, second or third person.

Object Pronouns

An object pronoun, functions as the object of a verb or preposition, as distinguished from a subject pronoun.

Examples:

  • He begged her to give in to him. (her is the object of the verb begged and him is the object of the preposition to)
  • She told them a lie. (them is the object of the verb told)

Object pronouns are used instead of object nouns, usually because we already know what the object is.

  • She’s my mom. I really love her.
  • I like that dog. I played with it last day.

Object pronouns in English are the following:

me, you, him, her, it, us, them

Object pronouns come after either a verb (e.g “like”) or a preposition (e.g “to”).