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ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS CLASS 10

ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS

In this Chapter, we will study all the three types of compounds, acids, bases and salts, in detail.

Topics Covered in the Lessons areĀ 

  • Types of Compounds : Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Indicators for Testing Acids and Bases : Dyes Which Change Colour in Acids and Bases
  • Acid-Base Indicators : Litmus, Methyl Orange, Phenolphthalein, Turmeric, Red Cabbage Extract and Olfactory Indicators (Onion and Vanilla Extract) ; Acids : Mineral Acids and Organic Acids
  • Strong Acids and Weak Acids; Concentrated Acids and Dilute Acids ; Diluting Acids ;
  • Properties of Acids
  • Properties of Bases and Uses of Bases
  • Strength of Acid and Base Solutions
  • Importance of pH in Everyday Life
  • Salts ; Family of Salts ; The pH of Salt Solutions ;
  • Acidic, Basic and Neutral Salts ; Common Salt (Sodium Chloride)
  • Chemicals from Common Salt : Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda), Washing Soda (Sodium Carbonate), Baking Soda (Sodium Hydrogencarbonate) ; Bleaching Powder (Calcium Oxychloride) ; Plaster of Paris (Calcium Sulphate Hemihydrate) ; Water of
    Crystallisation ; Hydrated Salts ; Action of Heat on Hydrated Salts.
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