Edusaint

Saturated and unsaturated carbon

Saturated and unsaturated carbon

  • ┬áCompounds which are made up of carbon and hydrogen only are known as hydrocarbons.
  • There are two types of hydrocarbons

Saturated hydrocarbons

  • compound have only single bond between different atoms.
  • These compounds are normally not very reactive.
  • Examples- alkanes – methane, ethane, propane, hexane

Unsaturated hydrocarbons

  • compound have double or triple bond between different atoms.
  • They are more reactive than the saturated carbon compounds.
  • Examples- alkenes- ethane, propene, hexane,
  • Alkynes- ethyne, propyne, hexyne

Note-Branching, chain and ring

  • Example of branching – with four carbon atoms, there are two different possible structures
example of branching in carbon compound
example of branching in carbon compound
  • As we see in above example compounds with identical molecular formula (C4H10) but different structures are called structural isomers.
  • EXAMPLE of ring formation- many hydrocarbons form a ring like structure also known as cyclic hydrocarbon. They may be saturated or unsaturated.
Benzene
Benzene
cyclohexane
cyclohexane
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