Types of Respiration : Aerobic and Anaerobic : Notes for Class 10th


  • The process by which a living being utilizes the food to get energy is called respiration.
  • Respiration is an oxidation reaction that involves sequential degradation of food and generation of energy.
  • Mitochondria is the site of respiration and the energy released is stored in the form of ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
  • The respiratory system provides the route by which the oxygen present in our environment gains entry into the body and the carbon dioxide produced is excreted.

Breathing: This whole process of exchange of gases is called breathing


1. Breaking down glucose into pyruvate:

  • This step happens in the cytoplasm. Glucose molecules are broken down into pyruvic acid.
  • Glucose molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms, while pyruvic acid is composed of 3 carbon atoms.
  • Fate of Pyruvic Acid: Further breaking down of pyruvic acid takes place in mitochondria and the molecules formed depend on the type of respiration in a particular organism.

Respiration is of two types, viz. aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration.


Aerobic Respiration:

  • This type of respiration happens in the presence of oxygen.
  • Pyruvic acid is converted into carbon dioxide.
  • Energy is released and water molecules are also formed at the end of this process.

Anaerobic Respiration:

  • This type of respiration happens in the absence of oxygen.
  • Pyruvic acid is either converted into ethyl alcohol or lactic acid.
  • Ethyl alcohol is usually formed in case of anaerobic respiration in microbes; like yeast or bacteria.
  • Lactic acid is formed in some microbes as well as in the muscle cells.
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