Differences and Inequalities

Differences and Inequalities

  • What the athletes did is known as responding to social division or racism.
  • Social differences are mostly based on accident of birth.
  • Usually we don’t choose to belong to our community.
  • We belong to it simply because we were born into it.
  • We all experience social differences based on accident of birth in our everyday lives.
  • But all kinds of social differences are not based on accident of birth. Some of the differences are based on our choices.
  • For example, some people are atheists.
  • They don’t believe in God or any religion.
  • Some people choose to follow a religion other than the one in which they were born.
  • Every social difference does not lead to social division.
  • Social differences divide similar people from one another, but they also unite very different people
  • People belonging to different social groups share differences and similarities cutting across the boundaries of their groups.
  • It is fairly common for people belonging to the same religion to feel that they do not belong to the same community, because their caste or sect is very different.
  • It is also possible for people from different religions to have the same caste and feel close to each other.
  • Rich and poor persons from the same family often do not keep close relations with each other for they feel they are very different.
  • Thus, we all have more than one identity and can belong to more than one social group.
  • We have different identities in different contexts

Origin Social division takes place when some social difference overlaps with other differences.

  • An example of social division in US will be the difference between the Blacks and Whites becomes because the Blacks tend to be poor, homeless and discriminated against.
  • In our country Dalits tend to be poor and landless.

  • They often face discrimination and injustice.
  • Situations of this kind produce social divisions, when one kind of social difference becomes more important than the other, this leads to difference of social in the societies.
  • Social divisions of one kind or another exist in most countries.
  • It does not matter whether the country is small or big.
  • India is a vast country with many communities.
  • Belgium is a small country with many communities.
  • Even those countries such as Germany and Sweden, that were once highly homogenous, are undergoing rapid change with influx of people from other parts of the world.
  • Migrants bring with them their own culture and tend to form a different social community
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