Three crucial factors in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions.
- First of all the outcome depends on how people perceive their identities.
- If people see their identities in singular and exclusive terms, it becomes very difficult to accommodate.
- As long as people in northern Ireland saw themselves as only Catholic or Protestant, their differences were difficult to reconcile.
- It is much easier if the people see that their identities are multiple and are complementary with the national identity.
Second Determiner :
- It depends on how political leaders raise the demands of any community.
- It is easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and are not at the cost of another community.
- it depends on the how the government reacts to demands of different groups.
- A multi-cultural society ,In a democracy, political expression of social divisions is very normal and can be healthy.
- This allows various disadvantaged and marginal social groups to express their grievances and get the government to attend to these.
- Expression of various kinds of social divisions in politics often results in their cancelling one another out and thus reducing their intensity.
- This leads to strengthening of a democracy.
- But a positive attitude towards diversity and a willingness to accommodate it do not come about easily.
- People who feel marginalized, deprived and discriminated have to fight against the injustices.
- The struggle against such inequalities sometimes takes the path of violence and defiance of state power.
- However history shows that democracy is the best way to fight for recognition and also to accommodate diversity.