Centre-State relations: Class 10th Polity Notes Federalism

Centre-State relations:

  • Restructuring the Centre-State relations is one more way in which federalism has been strengthened in practice.
  • Situation During Congress Monopoly: For major part of the country same party was in power in both centre and state.
  • As a result state governments were not in a position to enjoy their rights.
  • Whenever, there was a different party in power in a particular state, central government tried to undermine its influence.
  • Constitution was usually misused to topple unfriendly government in those states.

Situation in the Era of Coalition Government:

  • After 1989 pattern has shifted to multi-party coalition government at the centre.
  • As a result a new culture of power sharing and respect for the autonomy of State Governments has developed.
  • It can be said that now the federalism is more developed in India.

Linguistic diversity of India

  • As per the latest Census Report, 1991 of India held in 1991 there are 1500 distinct languages.
  • These languages were grouped together under some major languages.
  • For example languages like Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Bundelkhandi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani, Bhili and many others were grouped together under ‘Hindi’.
  • Even after this grouping, the Census found 114 major languages.
  • Of these 22 languages are now included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and are therefore called ‘Scheduled Languages’.
  • Others are called ‘non- Scheduled Languages’.
  • In terms of languages, India is perhaps the most diverse country in the world.
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