DIFFERENT FORMS OF COMMUNAL POLITICS

DIFFERENT FORMS OF COMMUNAL POLITICS-

  • People often believe that ideas of their religion are superior to the ideas of other religions.
  • People of a particular religion wants maximum representation of their religion in the politics.
  • This takes the form of majoritarian dominance.
  • As a result of it people of minority community then demand separate state for themselves
  • Mobilizing people on communal lines in politics is another form of communal politics.
  • Mobilization is done on the basis of emotional appeals, fear, symbols, religious slogan by leaders etc.
  • In its most ugly form communalism leads to violence.
  • People from various religions are opposite to each other and they use violence to show their religion’s domination
  • EXAMPLE –India and Pakistan suffered some of the worst communal riots at the time of partition.

CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS THAT MAKE INDIA A SECULAR STATE

  • There is no official religion for the Indian State.
  •  In Sri lanka-Buddhism
  • In Pakistan- Islam
  • In England- Christianity
  • The Constitution provides to all individual and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion of their own choice.
  • The Constitution prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion.
  • At the same time the Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities.
  • It bans Untouchability.
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