There are three types of party systems :
Multi-Party System :
Key Words to note for
Mono-party system : Mono-party system is a political system in which only one party controls and runs the government.
Bi-party system : Bi-party system is a type of system in which power alternates between two parties only.
Parties that gets the majority forms the government and the other party forms opposition.
Multi-party system : It is a system in which several parties compete for power and more than two parties have
reasonable chance of coming into power either on their own or in alliance with others.
Coalition government : A coalition government is generally formed in a multi-party system, when no single
party wins a majority of seats then many parties get together based on compromise and tolerance.
An Alliance : When several parties in a multi-party system join hands for the purpose of contesting elections and winning power,
it is called an alliance or a front. India, in 2004 and 2009, had three such alliances for parliamentary elections
• National Democratic Alliance
• The United Progressive Alliance and
• Left Front.
1. What do you understand by the bi-party system? Write its one merit and one demerit.
[Board Term-II, (Set-68015) 2012)
Ans. Bi-party system:
(i) In some countries, power usually changes between two main parties. It is also known as two patty system,
(ii) In this system, the government is formed by one party and the other plays the role of opposition.
This system allows stability of government as no coalition is there.
In this system, only two main parties have a serious chance of winning majority seats to form the government.
2.What is a multi-party system? Explain merits and demerits of multi-party system.
[Board Term-II, Set (68008) 2012]
In Multi-party system, three or more parties are in the competition to gain control of the government separately or in coalition.
When not any single party gain majority votes then several parties join and form a coalition government. Example-India.
Supporters of this system point out that it allows more points of view to be presented in the government.
(i) This system allows a variety of interests and opinions to enjoy political representation.
(ii) People can make a choice between several candidates.
(i) No one party is likely to gain power alone. Therefore, it leads to difficulty in formation of government.
(ii) Leads to political instability and often appears to be very messy.