Forms of power sharing

Forms of power sharing

1. Power is shared among different organs of the government

2.Power is shared among government at different levels

3. Power is shared among different social groups

4. Power is also shared among political parties, pressure groups and movements

Power sharing among different organs of government

Power is shared among different organs of the government:

1. This is known as horizontal distribution of power

2. This results in a balance of power among various institutions

3. The system of checks and balances ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited powers

Power is shared among governments at different levels

1. This is known as Federal Government

2. It is a general government for the entire country

3. Example: In India, we have Central or the Union Government

Power is shared among different social groups:

1. This is known as ‘Community Government’

2. This type of arrangement is made to give a place in the government, to the diverse social groups who feel ignored by the government

3. This method is used to give fair share in power to minority communities

Power shared among political parties, pressure groups etc.

1. In a democracy, the citizens must have freedom to choose from the various contenders

2. This takes the form of competition amongst different parties

3. Such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand

4. In a democracy, we find interest groups such as traders, businessmen, industrialists, farmers and workers

Some other types of power sharing are:

1. Referendum

2. Decentralization

3. Bicameral

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