What is Power Sharing.
- Power sharing is a technique to share the power at different levels.
- It is an idea inculcated in democracy so that the power is not concentrated at one hand only and that different forms can keep a check on each other .
- India is an example of “holding together” federations, where the power is shared between central government and different constituent states.
The Case Study of Belgium
- Belgium is a federal monarchy in Western Europe.
- It is a founding member of the European Union and host the head quarter as well.
- It shares its borders with France, Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg
- The ethnic composition of Belgium is very complex.
- Brussels is the capital of Belgium
Case Study of Sri Lanka
- SriLanka is an island nation
- It is a few kilometres off the southern coast of Tamil Nadu
- It lies to the south eastern tip of the Indian subcontinent
- The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate Sri Lanka from India
- The Arabian Sea lies to the west, the Bay of Bengal to the northeast ,and the Indian Ocean to
- the south
- Colombo is the largest city and the commercial capital of Sri Lanka,
- The administrative capital is Sri Jayawardenepura (Kotte), located about 16 km (about 10 mi) east of Colombo.
Ethnic Composition of Sri Lanka
- Tamil natives of Sri Lanka are called “Sri Lankan Tamils”
- ‘Indian Tamils’ are those whose fore fathers came from India as plantation workers during the colonial period
- Sri Lankan Tamils are concentrated in the north and east of the country.
- Most of the Sinhala speaking people are Buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims.
- There are about 7 per cent Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala
Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka
- Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948
- The democratically elected government adopted a series of majoritarian measures to adopt a Sinhala supremacy
- In 1956 an act was passed to declare Sinhala as official language
- The government recognised Sinhala applicants for university jobs and governments jobs
- By 1980 several political organisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam in northern and eastern parts of Sri lanka .
- The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflicts.
- It soon turned into a civil war as a result thousands of people were forced to leave the country.
- This civil war is still going on till 2009.
Srilanka Civil War Explained