The Case Study of Belgium and Srilanka

What is Power Sharing.

  • Power sharing is a technique to share the power at different levels.
  • It is an idea inculcated in democracy so that the power is not concentrated at one hand only and that different forms can keep a check on each other .
  • India is an example of “holding together” federations, where the power is shared between central government and different constituent states.

The Case Study of Belgium

  • Belgium is a federal monarchy in Western Europe.
  • It is a founding member of the European Union and host the head quarter as well.
  • It shares its borders with France, Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg
  • The ethnic composition of Belgium is very complex.
  • Brussels is the capital of Belgium

Case Study of Sri Lanka

  • SriLanka is an island nation
  • It is a few kilometres off the southern coast of Tamil Nadu
  • It lies to the south eastern tip of the Indian subcontinent
  • The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate Sri Lanka from India
  • The Arabian Sea lies to the west, the Bay of Bengal to the northeast ,and the Indian Ocean to
  • the south
  • Colombo is the largest city and the commercial capital of Sri Lanka,
  • The administrative capital is Sri Jayawardenepura (Kotte), located about 16 km (about 10 mi) east of Colombo.

Ethnic Composition of Sri Lanka

  • Tamil natives of Sri Lanka are called “Sri Lankan Tamils”
  • ‘Indian Tamils’ are those whose fore fathers came from India as plantation workers during the colonial period
  • Sri Lankan Tamils are concentrated in the north and east of the country.
  • Most of the Sinhala speaking people are Buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims.
  • There are about 7 per cent Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala

Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka

  • Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948
  • The democratically elected government adopted a series of majoritarian measures to adopt a Sinhala supremacy
  • In 1956 an act was passed to declare Sinhala as official language
  • The government recognised Sinhala applicants for university jobs and governments jobs
  • By 1980 several political organisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam in northern and eastern parts of Sri lanka .
  • The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflicts.
  • It soon turned into a civil war as a result thousands of people were forced to leave the country.
  • This civil war is still going on till 2009.

Srilanka Civil War Explained

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