Extra Questions Colonialism and the City Ncert Class 8th


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Very Short Answer Type:

1. At which three de- urbanisation took place during the 19th century?

Machilipatnam, Surat and Seringapatam

2. Which cities rose up as Presidency cities during the late 18th century?

Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.

3. Who built the city of Shahjahanabad and when?

Shah Jahan in 1639

4. What were the signs of Sufi culture during Shah Jahan?

the existence of several dargahs, Khanqahs and Idgahs.

5. What was the period between 1830-1857 called?

Period of the renaissance.

Short Answer Type:

1. What is the meaning of Urbanisation?

Urbanisation is the process by which more and more people begin to reside in towns and cities.

2. What do you understand by Khanqah?

Khanqah was a Sufi lodge, often used as a rest house for travellers and a place where people come to discuss spiritual matters, get the blessings of saints, and hear Sufi music.

3. What was so special about Jama masjid?

Jama Masjid was built in 1795, during the time of Shahjahan in the city of Shahjahanabad. It the first msoque in India with minarets and full domes. It was at the highest position at that time.

4. What was the difference between white areas and black areas?

White areas are the one where the British and the wealthy people used to stay and it was distinguished from the areas where the poor people used to stay. The black areas are for the workers and poor people of India.

5. What was the difference between a haveli and the colonial bungalow?

Havelis were built during the Mughal rule and they were built with a wide verandah and many families can stay there, while the colonial bungalows were built for the nuclear family and had a private space for the family based on new privacy laws.

Long Answer Type :

1. How did the Havelis got extinct during British rule?

The Mughal aristocracy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries lived in grand mansions called Havelis. A haveli housed many families. The entry of the haveli through have a beautiful gateway and an open courtyard, surrounded by public rooms meant for visitors and business, used exclusively by males. The inner courtyard with its pavilions and rooms was meant for the women of the household. Rooms in the Havelis had multiple uses, and very little by way of a furniture.

Many of the Mughal amirs were unable to maintain these large establishments under conditions of British
rule. Havelis, therefore, began to be subdivided and sold. Often the street front of the Havelis became shops
or warehouses. Some Havelis were taken over by the upcoming mercantile class, but many fell into decay
and disuse and in this way, they got ruined and extinct.

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