Warren Hasting (1773-1785) played a significant role in the expansion of the power of the company and introduced many reforms. By this time Bombay, Madras along with Bengal was under British administration.
British divided their territories into administrative units called Presidencies: Bengal, Madras and Bombay.
A new system of justice was established in1772, and each district was divided into two courts- Criminal (Faujdari) and civil (Diwani Adalat) court.
Maulvis and Hindu pundits interpreted Indian laws for Europeans in civil courts and criminal courts were under Qazi and mufti supervised by collectors.
Hindu laws were compiled by pandits by 1775 and Muslim laws by 1778.
A new Supreme court and a court of appeal- The Sadar Nizamat Adalat were established at Calcutta under the Regulating Act of 1773.
Each Indian district had a collector whose office was the centre of power, and he used to collect tax and revenue, maintain law and order with help of judges, police officers and Drogas.
The British military was an evolved one unlike Mughals, they learned from various wars and thus the armies were trained in European-style, technologically advanced as and more disciplinedand regulated.
The army was calledsepoy and infantry was given up hand over the cavalry.