Expansion of Company Rule Ncert Class 8th

The Company Rule- From Trade to Territory

For showing company rule


  • The company appointed residents (Commercial and political agent) in Indian states, through which they started interfering in the internal affairs of the state.  
  • States were forced into Subsidiary alliance, according to which the Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armies, instead, they were protected by the Company but the maintenance cost for that was to be paid by the Indian rulers
for showing lord wellesly
Introduced Subsidiary Alliance
  • The failure to pay will lead to a penalty to the rulers in the form of their territory. E.g. Awadh and Hyderabad. 
  • The company resorted to military confrontations wherever they see the danger posed to its political and economic interest. E.g. Mysore 
  •  Mysore was ruled by Haider Ali and his son Tipu Sultan, and they controlled the trade at Malabar coast where the company used to buy pepper and cardamom
For showing Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan
  • Tipu sultan in 1785 stopped the local merchants to trade with the company and stopped the export
  •  Infuriated Britishers urged war against Tipu and four wars were fought and in the last war i.e. Battle of SeringapatamTipu was killed.  Mysore came under Woodyear’s and the subsidiary alliance was imposed on it.  
  •  The Marathas were another power at the time, Peshwa was the most powerful position.
  • Marathas became weak after the Third battle of Panipat and later subdued in a series of Anglo-Maratha wars. 

For showing anglo-maratha wars

  • The first war was a draw and ended with the treaty of Salbai (1785), Second war (1803-05) gave the British control of Orissa, north Yamuna river including Delhi and Agra. 
  • The third Anglo-Maratha war crushed the Maratha power, Peshwa was removed and the company gained control over whole territories south of Vindhyas. 
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