Welcome to the Paragraph based question of chapter-1 of Democratic Politics II
In this paragraph we would be giving you a paragraph of chapter- 1.
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Read the following paragraph and answer the below asked question carefully.
Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. As a result, the democratically elected government adopted a series of MAJORITARIAN measures to establish Sinhala supremacy. In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. All these government measures, coming one after the other, gradually increased the feeling of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils. They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders were sensitive to their language and culture. They felt that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests. As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time.
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When did Sri Lanka emerged as Independent country?
Why did the democratically elected choose to be Majoritarian?
In which year the act was passed to make sinhala the only official language of Sri Lanka?