As we have read, the government makes law to protect all its citizens.
There are specific laws and policies for the marginalised in our country.
There are policies or schemes that emerge through other means like setting up a committee or by undertaking a survey etc.
The government then makes an effort to promote such policies in order to give opportunities to specific groups.
Promoting Social Justice
As part of their effort to implement the Constitution, both state and central governments create specific schemes for implementation in tribal areas or in areas that have a high Dalit population.
In addition to providing certain facilities, the government also operates through laws to ensure that concrete steps are taken to end inequity in the system.
The laws which reserve seats in education and government employment for Dalits and Adivasis are based on an important argument– that in a society like ours, where for centuries sections of the population have been denied opportunities to learn and to work in order to develop new skills or vocations, a democratic government needs to step in and assist these sections.
How does reservation policy work?
Governments across India have their own list of Scheduled Castes (or Dalits), Scheduled Tribes and backward and most backward castes.
Students applying to educational institutions and those applying for posts in government are expected to furnish proof of their caste or tribe status, in the form of caste and tribe certificates.