The courts play a very significant role in protecting our Fundamental Rights.
In principle, all citizens of India can access the courts in this country.
This implies that every citizen has a right to justice through the courts.
If any citizen believes that their rights are being violated, then they can approach the court for justice to be done.
While the courts are available for all, in reality access to courts has always been difficult for a vast majority of the poor in India.
It is difficult for the vast majority of the poor in India.
This is because the legal proceedings require lots of money and paperwork as well as it is time consuming too.
For the poor person, who is not literate and doesn’t know how to write and read and the family solely depends upon the DAILY WAGES; the idea of going to court and getting justice is very remote to them.
Due to all the problems poor are facing to reach court, the supreme court in early 1980s devised the concept of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) to increase the access to courts.
It allowed any individual or organisation to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated.
The legal process was greatly simplified and even a letter or telegram addressed to the Supreme Court or the High Court could be treated as a PIL.