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Preamble Of The Indian Constitution

1. Sovereign The word ‘sovereign’ implies that India is neither a dependency nor a dominion of any other nation, but an independent state 2. Socialist Read The Notes on Constitutional Design: Polity Note here  Even before the...

Constitutional Design: Polity Note for Class 9th NCERT

Constitution All such certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow together are called constitution. As the supreme law of the country, the constitution determines the rights of citizens, the...

What is democracy ? Why Democracy Notes on NCERT For Class 9th

Democracy -  Democracy has been derived from two Greek word  demos and cratia. Demos means ' the people' and cratia means 'power' Democracy is a form of government which the administration of the...

Airways and Communication :Life Line Of National Economy .NCERT Notes in Geography

Airways The world’s first air-mail service was started in India at Allahabad; on 18th Feb 1911 on  the occasion of Kumbh mela Regular airmail services were started by Tata Sons Ltd, between Karachi and...

Railways And Waterways :Lifelines of National Economy Geography Notes on NCERT

Railways Indian Railways is one of the largest PSU in the Country The Indian Railways route length network is spread over 115,000 km, with 12,617 passenger trains and 7,421 freight trains each day from...

Life Line of National Economy : Geography Notes for Class 10th NCERT

Lifelines of National Economy Goods and services are transported using three modes of transport. According to the medium , transport can be classified into land water and air transport. Means of Transport Land Roadways Railways Pipelines 2. Water Inland and...

Mineral and Chemical Based industries – NCERT Notes on Geography

Mineral based Industries Iron and Steel Industry As all other industries heavy,medium and light depend on the iron and still industry it is also called basic industry Production and consumption of steel is often taken...

Classification of Industries

Industries can be classified on the following lines On the basis of source of raw materials used:  Agro based: cotton, woolen, jute, silk textile, rubber and sugar, tea, coffee, edible oil  Mineral based: iron and...

Manufacturing Industries and Factors Affecting Locations of Industry

Manufacturing Industries Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw material is called manufacturing Manufacturing industries acts as a backbone for the development of a nation . Relation Between Growth of agriculture...

Population Composition and Literacy Rates in India

Sex Ratio - In India sex ratio is the number of females per thousand males In regions where gender discrimination is rampant, the sex ratio is generally poor . The low number of males...