The Revolutionaries movements of the Indian Freedom struggle Movement include underground revolutionary activities as well. The groups of revolutionary movements were mainly located in Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar, the United Provinces, and Punjab provinces.
|1||1897||Chapekar brothers||· Damodar, Balkrishna
· Vasudev Chapekar
|· Shot at WC Rand, Chairman of the Special Plague Committee
· They were against the atrocities committed by the British during the Plague epidemic in Pune.
· In order to curb the spread of epidemics, the government ended up harassing Indian and taking extreme measures.
· The Chapekar brothers were hanged
|2||1908||Muzaffarpur Conspiracy Case(Alipore Bomb Case)||· conspiracy by Khudiram Bose and Praffula Chaki
· Later on, Khudiram Bose was arrested by the Indian British police officer Nandalal Banerjee, who was later shot dead by Narendranath Banerjee.
|· Wanted to kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate DH Kingsford of Muzaffarpur.
· They threw bombs on a vehicle of DH Kingsford but he escaped the attack and unfortunately, two British women were killed.
· Prafulla Chaki committed suicide when he was about to be arrested by the Police.
· Khudiram Bose was the youngest Indian who was hanged by the British.
|3||1909||Curzon Wyllie’s assassination||Madan Lal Dhingra in the evening of 1 July 1909.(India House Member)||· India House in London was formed by Shyamji Krishna Verma and V.D. Savarkar.
· Indian House in New York by Barkatullah and S.L. Joshi
|4||1912||Delhi Lahore Conspiracy Case||Led by Rash Bihari Bose and Sachin Chandra Sanyal.||· Assassination attempted on Lord Hardinge, the then Viceroy of India.
· On the occasion of the transfer of British capital from Calcutta to Delhi, a bomb wasthrown into the viceroy’s carriage.
· Lord Hardinge was injured and an Indian attendant was killed
|5||1913||The Ghadar Movement||Lala Hardayal||· This movement was intensified because of the Komagata Maru incident.|
|6||1925||Kakori Conspiracy Case||
· Death sentences were awarded to: Ram Prasad Bismil Ashfaqullah Khan,Thakur Roshan Singh, Rajendra Lahiri
· Deportation to Cellular Jail in Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Sachindra Bakshi ,Shachindra Nath Sanyal)
|· Train robbery against the British Indian Government.
· It was organized by Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)
· Chandrashekhar Azad who could not be captured reorganized the HRA and ran the organization till 1931.
· He shot himself after being grievously injured and down to his last bullet at handrashekhar Azad Park (then known as Alfred Park) in a shootout with the police on 27 February 1931
|7||1929||Central Assembly Bomb Case||· Bhagat Singh
· Battukeswar Dutt
|· The trial started in May 1929.
· Lawyer Asaf Ali represented Dutt while Singh defended himself during the trial.
· In the meantime, the case of the murder of ASP John Saunders was linked to Bhagat Singh who was then charged in that case as well.
· He, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar, was executed for the murder case on 23 March 1931.
· Batukeswar dutt died in 1965 after a prolonged illness.
|April 18, 1930||Chittagong armory in Bengal||· Surya Sen
· Ganesh Ghosh
· Lokenath Bal
· Nirmal Sen
· Ambika Chakrobarty
· Naresh Roy
· Sasanka Datta
· Ardhendu Dastidar
· Harigopal Bal
· Tarakeswar Dastidar
· Ananta Singh
· Jiban GhoshalAnand Gupta
· Pritilata Waddedar and Kalpana Dutta.
|· Planned to capture the two main armories in Chittagong and then demolish the Telegraph and telephone office.
· It was to be followed by the assassination of Europeans.
· In February 1933, Surya Sen was arrested by the Police because of a tip off.
· He was trailed and hanged in the January 1934.
|Name of Organisation||Year of
|Affected Area||Founders/Associated members|
|Mitra Mela||1899||Nasik, Bombay and
|Savarkar and his brother|
|Anushilan Samiti||1902||Bengal region||Promodha Mitter,
Banerjee, Barindra Kumar
Ghosh and others.
|Abhinav Bharat/ Young
India Society (Mitra
mela merged into this)
|1904||Nasik, Bombay and
|Savarkar and his brother|
|1905||Bengal region||Ashwini Kumar Dutta|
|Indian Home Rule
|1905||London||Shyamji Krishna Varma|
|1907||California (USA)||Taraknath Das|
|Gadar Party||1913||USA & Canada (North
|Jugantar Party||Active during
the first World
|Bengal region||Aurobindo Ghosh, Barin
Ghosh and Jatindranath
Mukherjee or Bagha Jatin
|Berlin Committee for
Bhupendranath Dutta, Lala
Hardayal and others with the
of the German foreign office
|Bharat Naujawan Sabha||1926||Lahore||Bhagat Singh|
|1928||New Delhi||Chandrasekhar Azad,
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev